Consequently, it will take to take time to come up with new solutions for this major issue that the world is facing. Percentage global CO2 emissions Scholars have justified the exclusion of LDCs from emission cuts based on this ground 16,17,18, Nevertheless, the disagreements left some positive imprints on the negotiations.
How to cite this page Choose cite format: However, Paris Agreement leaves much to be desired not least the planned exit of US. China is currently the highest global CO2 emitter with It is important to clarify that those reductions in GHG emissions represent just a tiny fraction of global emissions.
Emissions Trading Emission Trading is the first mechanism in the Protocol which aims to provide flexibility and choice in terms of meeting individual quotas as to the amount of reductions. They also realized that the convention could not go far enough since the developed countries, such as the USA and Japan, could not meet the voluntary goals of reducing their emissions by Developing nations have no incentive to reduce their economic growth.
In Julymore than countries gathered again in Germany. Many states have also introduced State Greenhouse Gas Registries, which register their voluntary greenhouse gas emission reductions.
Back inthe US Senate, byasked President Bill Clinton not to sign any protocol unless binding targets and timetable are set for both developing as well as industrialized countries.
Almost every country in the world has signed the agreement, which signifies a group understanding of the current and future conditions of the world. As Ostrom argued, reciprocity is one of the three factors that spur collective action among rational actors Also, there was no concrete agreement on the flexibility mechanisms i.
Australia advocated for a differentiated emissions targets while other parties proposed that emission trading should go in pari passu with emission reductions This paper argues that the challenges to Kyoto Protocol centre on the difficulty in agreeing on a regime which is considered effective by parties to United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change UNFCCC but at the heart of this is the contestation over efficiency and equitability of Kyoto Protocol.
The easy demonstrates that at the heart of these difficulties lie the questions of distributive justice, reciprocity and economic rationality. Another reason, as Mr. How reasonable is it for the United Sates, at this point, being one of most industrialized countries in the world, to reduce its emissions paralyzing its economy?
To enter into force, The Kyoto Protocol has to be retified by developed countries representing at least 55 per cent of global GHG emissions.
Overall, this paper examined why it was so difficult to reach agreement on the Kyoto Protocol and how to implement its terms as well as why there was a delay in agreeing on its successor. Contrarily, some authors argue that developed countries should be excused for ignorance of the effect of their historical emissions 20, First, contestation over emission reduction targets and timetable for meeting these targets and secondly, the strategies to achieve the targets 4,5,6,7.
China, for example, is the second largest emitter after the US. A compromise was reached by eight reduction differentials.
Private sector bottlenecks can be seen from the perspective of companies in Annex I countries manoeuvring and opposition to emissions cuts through various means including lobbying legislators 6. The United Nations recognized this growing concern in the world and came up with the Kyoto Protocol.
In addition, the U. In the realm of international law, reciprocity—mutual responsibility is a suitable yardstick for behaviour which can spur cooperation among sovereign states 33, The paper further argues that reciprocity was pivotal to formulating its successor—the Paris Agreement.
Secondly, the timeframe of the revised or new protocol was a bone of contention. I support the US position of investing money on research and on cleaner technologies.
However, getting all stakeholders to agree on how to combat it is a major challenge 3. Conversely, some empirical studies indicate that the Kyoto Protocol has a significant reducing effect on CO2 40,41,42 and CH4 emissions 40 in countries that ratified it.
The National Climate Technology Initiative has two projects on carbon sequestration. The US agreed to cut emissions to 7 percent below its level. It was also been suggested, to promote energy efficiency and conservation and to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases through the use of alternative, renewable, and advanced forms of energy.
First, that reducing emissions will have unfavourable ramifications on their economy because it is cost-inefficient 6.The Kyoto Protocol under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is an international agreement that serves to reduce the amount of greenhouse gas emissions by % by The Protocol was adopted on December the 11th.
Global Warming and Climate Change Essay. Home Flashcards Flashcards Home Create Flashcards Global Cultural Business Analysis - Argentina Essay; Managing a Global Team; Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change; Global Essay.
To enter into force, The Kyoto Protocol has to be retified by developed countries representing at least 55 per cent of global GHG emissions. Being the first industrialized country in the world to ratify the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change inthe United States appeared reluctant to ratify the Kyoto Protocol.
Global Warming and the Kyoto Protocol Essay Words | 5 Pages Global Warming and the Kyoto Protocol Environmental issues are becoming a growing concern for.
What is the Kyoto Protocol? In response to climate change inthe United Nations established Framework Convention on Climate Change. Inthe world adopted United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
Inafter 50 countries ratified the convention, the UNFCCC entered into force. The Kyoto Protocol: Conflicting Views The Kyoto Protocol was born from the Earth Summit in Rio on environment and sustainable development. Over the years, the Kyoto Protocol has been contentious at the least with the major activists being the European Union and environmental organizations.Download