In the urban guidelines were further loosened, allowing for lower minimum population totals and nonagricultural percentages. The uneven pattern of internal development and settlement, so strongly weighted toward the eastern part of the country, doubtless will Chinas urbanization relatively little even with developing interest in exploiting the mineral-rich and agriculturally productive portions of the vast northwest and southwest regions.
From tohowever, the urban population increased dramatically to 37 percent of the total population. Shanghai is the largest city in China, with a population of 19 million, followed by Beijing with a population of The urbanization of small and medium-sized towns has created different challenges for ethnically diverse areas, leading in some cases to an ethnic stratification of labor and greater potential for ethnic conflict.
The number of cities with populations of at leastincreased from in to in Also, in calculating urban population, the census made a radical change by including the agricultural population residing within the city boundaries.
The pace of urbanization in China from to was relatively slow because of both rapid growth of the rural population and tight restrictions on rural-urban migration for most of that period. From toit is estimated that almost 18 million urban youth moved to the countryside.
In China Chinas urbanization a total of twenty-nine provincial-level administrative units directly under the central government in Beijing. In the mids, demographers expected the proportion of the population living in cities and towns to be around 50 percent by the start of the 21st century.
In the s, urban population growth started to slow. Another was a decision to broaden the criteria for classifying an area as a city or town. Although migration to urban areas has been restricted since the late s, as of the end of about 33 percent of the population was urban.
This reflected a slower increase in employment growth following the restructuring of the state-owned enterprises SOE. This urban growth was expected to result primarily from the increase in the number of small- and medium-sized cities and towns rather than from an expansion of existing large cities.
Apartment buildings in Guangzhou. The criteria varied among provincial-level units. The big and medium-sized cities were viewed as centers of heavy and light industryand small cities and towns were looked on as possible locations for handicraft and workshop activities, using labor provided mainly from rural overflow.
The establishment of Hainan Island as a provincial-level unit separate from Guangdong Province was scheduled in In the census, urban essentially referred to settlements with populations of more than 2, in which more than 50 percent of the labor force were involved in nonagricultural pursuits.
The fast pace of urbanization will create at least one trillion yuan in annual investment opportunities in building water supply, waste treatment, heating and other public utilities in the cities. For example, during the Songthe northern capital Kaifeng of the Northern Song and southern capital Hangzhou of the Southern Song had 1.
The inflow of foreign direct investment created massive employment opportunities, which fostered urban population growth.
The adverse terrain and climate of most of those regions have historically discouraged dense population. This explains the dramatic jump in urban population from the By the same token, urbanization rarely exceeded ten percent of the total population although large urban centers were established.
These are the two mega-cities in China. In the 22 most populous cities in China had a total population of Agriculture predominates in this vast area, generally favored by a temperate or subtropical climate.China is also counting on urbanization to help shore up its declining economic growth, which has slowed to around percent, down from the double-digit rate of GDP growth that the country has seen during its ascent over the last three decades.
The urbanization of China is a comprehensive process involving transformations in many areas, including the management of spatial expansion via modern urban planning, the administration of land use changes via land policy reforms, the process of rural-to-urban migration, and the development of public finance systems.
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China’s extraordinary economic boom since the late s has been accompanied by massive urbanization. China’s extraordinary economic boom has gone hand-in-hand with urbanization. In 13% of people in China lived in cities. Bythe urban share of the population had grown to 45%; it’s projected to reach 60% by Twenty-five of the world’s largest cities are in China.
Dec 28, · Urbanization as a key reform focus. China’s urbanization program is an important part of structural reform, as the nation transitions to a more productive, service-based economy.
This has been recognized not only by China’s leadership, but also by onlookers such as the World Bank.
Urbanization has become a new driving force in China's development. Through China's urbanization process, China's role in the world economy will change from the world's major workshop to one of the world s central markets.4/5(1).Download