First, there are virtues of thought, such as wisdom. To find out what the function of a human being is, Aristotle looks at what is distinctive about humans.
A History of Greek Philosophy, Vol. Because man is a rational creature, rather than plants which are vegetative, happiness for man must include the excellent functioning of the rational faculties.
The problem then becomes the question of how to achieve happiness. Aristotle was the first to classify areas of human knowledge into distinct disciplines such as mathematics, biology, and ethics.
We will not achieve happiness simply by enjoying the pleasures of the moment. A comprehensive introduction to Aristotle.
Aristotle situates ethics within the discussion of the best constitution. Since reason is what separates humanity from animals, its exercise leads man to the highest virtue. Routledge Philosophy Guidebook to Aristotle on Ethics.
As he puts it, a clumsy archer may indeed get better with practice, so long as he keeps aiming for the target. Thus Aristotle gives us his definition of happiness: For this reason, one cannot really make any pronouncements about whether one has lived a happy life until it is over, just as we would not say of a football game that it was a "great game" at halftime indeed we know of many such games that turn out to be blowouts or duds.
Since man is a rational animal, human happiness depends on the exercise of his reason. Happiness is the perfection of human nature. He was a student of Plato who in turn studied under Socrates. This type of friendship is based on a person wishing the best for their friends regardless of utility or pleasure.
Its good will consist in its fulfilling its function. Often the lesser good promises immediate pleasure and is more tempting, while the greater good is painful and requires some sort of sacrifice.
For Aristotle, the virtuous choice was the mean between two extremes: He discovers that the good of the human is to act in accord with reason well, which can translate into acting in accord with virtue. The Middle Path was a minimal requirement for the meditative life, and not the source of virtue in itself.
There is yet another activity few people engage in which is required to live a truly happy life, according to Aristotle:Aristotle and the Book of Nicomanchean Ethics Words | 9 Pages. Aristotle and the Book of Nicomanchean Ethics In Book I of Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle states that the ultimate human goal or end is happiness.
Aristotle then describes steps required for humans to obtain the ultimate happiness. Happiness is the ultimate end and purpose of human existence; Happiness is not pleasure, nor is it virtue. It is the exercise of virtue.
Happiness cannot be achieved until the end of one's life. Hence it is a goal and not a temporary state. Happiness is the perfection of human nature. A summary of Ethics and Politics in 's Aristotle.
Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of Aristotle and what it means. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans.
Aristotle thought that goodness is natural and psychological: just a part of being human. • Virtue Ethics makes ethical behaviour into the aim (telos) of life. • Aristotle puts forward ‘aretaic ethics ’ (from the Greek arête – ‘excellence’), stating that developing an excellent character is all-important, rather than following a set of prescribed ethical norms.
Aristotle thinks that the good is the end of human action in general and should therefore have practical ramifications for the way a person should act. A final note on this chapter is to call attention to the classical conception of virtue in general, as it is quite at odds with the modern conception.
In the quest to find out what is the ultimate human good, Aristotle dedicated Book 1 of the Nicomachean Ethics to provide an account of what is the ultimate human good, and what it consists of. This essay will examine why Aristotle thinks that eudaimonia (happiness), is the ultimate human good.Download